During FY2014, telecom sector showed positive growth for all telecom indicators: Total revenues reached Rs. 465 billion, teledensity increased to 79.8%, telecom investment crossed US$ 1,816 million including US$ 903 million FDI inflows and broadband penetration crossed 2% mark.
It is expected that introduction of next generation telecom services in the country will further boost the growth of telecom sector in Pakistan.
At the end of FY2014, total teledensity in the country reached 79.6%, registering a healthy annual growth of 5.8% compared to a slower growth of 4.9% in FY2013. Cellular mobile segment was the main contributor towards overall growth in teledensity as Wireless Local Loop (WLL) segment continued with its declining trend and Fixed Local Loop (FLL) teledensity showed slight improvement during the year. Cellular mobile penetration reached 76.5% with its increasing share of 96.1% in total teledensity. Due to negative growth of WLL segment in recent years, the combined teledensity of FLL and WLL has declined to only 3.1% at the end of FY2014 compared to 3.8% at the end of FY2009.
Annual revenues from telecom sector reached to an estimated Rs. 465 billion during FY2014, up from Rs. 440 billion last year, and registering an annual growth of 5.6%. This annual revenue growth of 5.6% during FY2014 is slower than the growth of 7.4% in FY2013. This hints that telcos are struggling for revenues amid strong competition and due to abundance of on-net voice bundles. The cellular mobile segment has the largest share (69.7%) of total telecom revenues, followed by Local Loop (18.9%) and LDI (8.7%). Over the years, cellular mobile’s share in total revenues has increased from 63.6% in FY2009 to the current level of 69.7%; comparatively, LDI segment’s share has declined to 8.7% from 14.4% in FY2009 due to low international traffic. Telecom operators are continuously striving for new avenues of revenue growth by introducing innovative packages and value added services according to consumer demands, market trends and advancement in technology/solutions. Therefore, despite slow economic growth and low purchasing power of vast majority of population, revenues of telecom sector are registering positive growth, albeit high revenue growth has not been witnessed over the last few years.
Revenues of telecom operators can be divided into voice and data. During FY2014 data revenues of telecom sector were Rs. 90 billion, registering a growth of 24.6%, which is more than double the growth of 11.66% during FY2013. In particular, data revenues of cellular mobile segment have shown a growth of 47.4%, reaching Rs. 47 billion during FY2014. This is a healthy sign in the wake of 3G/4G services in the country and shows that the use of internet and data services on the cellular mobile has been increasing. CMOs will also have more sustainable revenue streams in future. Overall, the share of data revenues in total telecom revenues has increased to 19.3% during FY2014 compared to 16.4% last year. Similarly, cellular data revenue share has also increased to 10.1% from 7.3%. The data revenue trends are expected to take further momentum in coming years with an increasing use of smart phones, iPads and laptops in the society and an uptake of Over the Top (OTT) services, replacing traditional voice communication.
Telecom Contribution to National Exchequer:
Telecom sector is a significant source of revenue generation for the national exchequer. During the last three years, telecom sector was contributing an average of Rs. 124.8 billion annually to the national exchequer in terms of taxes, regulatory fees, initial and annual license fees, activation tax, and other charges. During FY2014, telecom sector has contributed an all time high Rs. 243.8 billion, registering a growth of 95.8% over the last year. This jump in contribution is due to auction of 3G and 4G cellular mobile licenses in April 2014. Effective from 1st July, 2014, Federal Government has reduced GST/FED on telecom services from 19.5% to 18.5% and Withholding Tax (WHT) from 15% to 14%. This tax reduction is applicable to Islamabad, Balochistan, FATA, AJK and Gilgit Baltistan regions. The provincial tax departments of Punjab, Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa did not reduce taxes. Telecom sector is subject to higher GST and WHT rates compared to average GST of about 16% and 10% WHT in other sectors. Telecom sector of Pakistan is considered amongst the highly taxed sectors in comparable countries. Rationalization of taxes on telecom services can positively contribute to the telecom sector growth and contribution in the economy.
The Government liberalised investment policies allowing foreign investors in the telecommunications sector to own all the shares in a company and repatriate all of the prot. Such policies have attracted signicant FDI. During FY2014, cellular mobile operators have invested US$ 1,789.7 million on account of acquiring 3G and 4G spectrum and deployment of advanced telecommunication networks.
The overall telecom investment reached US$1,815 million in FY2014; an almost three times increase from the level of US$600 million last year. Almost half of telecom investment was in the form of FDI i.e. telecom sector attracted over US$903 million of FDI in FY2014, 34.2% of the total FDI received by Pakistan in that period. PTA auctioned spectrum in April 2014 for 3G and 4G cellular mobile services from which signicant further FDI was received. The auction concluded with a total value of US$ 1.11 billion. By the end of FY2014, US$ 965 million of the auction proceeds have been paid by the operators with the balance of US $147.5 million plus markup @LIBOR+3% per annum receivable in ve equal annual installments in the next ve years.
During FY2014, both operators as well as cellular mobile customers prepared themselves for 3G and 4G services in the country. Operators upgraded their telecom networks and systems, and subscribers opted to shift to smart phones to enjoy 3G/4G services. Resultantly, FY2014 witnessed record imports of US$ 544 million of cellular mobile handsets and US$ 682 million worth of telecom equipment, registering growth of 20.7% and 30.3% respectively.
Overall, the telecom imports crossed the mark of US$ 1.23 billion, of which 44.4% isfor the imports of consumer items i.e. cellular mobile handsets. With an increasing annual trade decit amounting to US$ 16 billion and a pressure on foreign exchange reserves, Pakistan needs to develop local industry for telecom equipments and handsets with the cooperation of regional partners engaged in telecom manufacturing. Ministry of IT and PTA have been encouraging new and existing investors in Pakistan and abroad to move forward for such ventures.